The Frameworks Of English Introducing Language Structures Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

The Frameworks of English
Author: Kim Ballard
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137068337
Pages: 413
Year: 2013-07-12
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How does language work? What are the different elements? How do they all fit together? The Frameworks of English is a step-by-step guide through the various levels of language, describing the morphological, lexical, grammatical and phonological frameworks of contemporary English in a clear and logical way. Beginning with words as the building blocks of language, it investigates their internal structure and shows how words can be combined into larger and larger units, from phrases to sentences and beyond. The sound system of language is explored, covering the production of individual sounds as well as the features of syllable structure and connected speech. The third edition of this popular textbook: • features a new chapter on how to approach accent and dialect variation in English throughout the world • includes both spoken and written examples of electronically mediated language • offers updated suggestions for further reading and research • contains an expanded glossary of linguistic terminology to aid study With plenty of exercises and helpful cross-referencing The Frameworks of English covers everything that you need to know about linguistic structures.
The Frameworks of English
Author: Kim Ballard
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137075910
Pages: 352
Year: 2007-08-21
View: 1196
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The Frameworks of English covers everything students and non-specialists need to know about linguistic structures. Kim Ballard describes the morphological, lexical, grammatical and phonological frameworks of contemporary English in a clear and logical way, guiding readers step-by-step through the various levels. Beginning with words as the building blocks of language, Ballard investigates the internal structure of words before moving on to see how words can be combined into larger and larger units, from phrases to sentences and beyond. In addition, three chapters are devoted to the sound system of the language, showing how we produce individual sounds as well as looking at syllable structure, stress and intonation. The second edition of this successful introductory guide: - expands upon certain aspects of the first edition and now includes an extended chapter on discourse - highlights the typical differences between spoken and written language choices at appropriate points throughout the text - features exercises and suggestions for further reading at the end of each Part - contains an enlarged glossary of linguistic terminology to aid study. Also providing plenty of examples and helpful cross-referencing, this is an essential one-volume survey which explores all the frameworks of English and enables readers to understand these fascinating frameworks systematically.
The Frameworks of English
Author: Kim Ballard
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230392431
Pages: 413
Year: 2013-07-26
View: 1178
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How does language work? What are the different elements? How do they all fit together? The Frameworks of English is a step-by-step guide through the various levels of language, describing the morphological, lexical, grammatical and phonological frameworks of contemporary English in a clear and logical way. Beginning with words as the building blocks of language, it investigates their internal structure and shows how words can be combined into larger and larger units, from phrases to sentences and beyond. The sound system of language is explored, covering the production of individual sounds as well as the features of syllable structure and connected speech. The third edition of this popular textbook: • features a new chapter on how to approach accent and dialect variation in English throughout the world • includes both spoken and written examples of electronically mediated language • offers updated suggestions for further reading and research • contains an expanded glossary of linguistic terminology to aid study With plenty of exercises and helpful cross-referencing The Frameworks of English covers everything that you need to know about linguistic structures.
Syntactic Structures
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110218321
Pages: 135
Year: 2002-01-01
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Introducing English Language
Author: Louise Mullany, Peter Stockwell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317479084
Pages: 324
Year: 2015-07-30
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Routledge English Language Introductions cover core areas of language study and are one-stop resources for students. Assuming no prior knowledge, books in the series offer an accessible overview of the subject, with activities, study questions, sample analyses, commentaries and key readings – all in the same volume. The innovative and flexible ‘two-dimensional’ structure is built around four sections – introduction, development, exploration and extension – which offer self-contained stages for study. Each topic can also be read across these sections, enabling the reader to build gradually on the knowledge gained. Introducing English Language: is the foundational book in the Routledge English Language Introductions series, providing an accessible introduction to the English language contains newly expanded coverage of morphology, updated and revised exercises, and an extended Further Reading section comprehensively covers key disciplines of linguistics such as historical linguistics, sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics, as well as core areas in language study including acquisition, standardisation and the globalisation of English uses a wide variety of real texts and images from around the world, including a Monty Python sketch, excerpts from novels such as Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse, and news items from Metro and the BBC provides updated classic readings by the key names in the discipline, including Guy Cook, Andy Kirkpatrick and Zoltán Dörnyei is accompanied by a website with extra activities, project ideas for each unit, suggestions for further reading, links to essential English language resources, and course templates for lecturers. Written by two experienced teachers and authors, this accessible textbook is an essential resource for all students of the English language and linguistics.
An Introduction to Applied Linguistics
Author: Norbert Schmitt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134656114
Pages: 352
Year: 2013-11-26
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An Introduction to Applied Linguistics, Second Edition provides a complete, authoritative and up-to-date overview of the state of the field. Each of the 15 chapters offers an extended survey of a central element of Applied Linguistics and is co-authored by two leading international specialists, thus ensuring a full and balanced treatment of the topic covered. The book is divided into three sections: a description of language and language use; essential areas of enquiry; and the four skills and testing. An Introductory chapter familiarises readers with key issues and recurrent themes whilst hands-on activities and further reading sections for each chapter encourage practical analysis and wider reading. For this new edition, each chapter has been fully revised in line with new research and thinking in Applied Linguistics. With its accessible style, broad coverage and practical focus, this book is ideal for students of applied linguistics, TESOL, and second language pedagogy as well as practicing teachers and researchers wishing to update their knowledge.
The logical structure of English
Author: Allan Ramsay
Publisher: Univ Coll Londo
ISBN:
Pages: 209
Year: 1990-06
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World Englishes
Author: Jennifer Jenkins
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415258065
Pages: 233
Year: 2003
View: 384
Read: 993
Routledge English Language Introductions cover core areas of language study and are one-stop resources for students. Assuming no prior knowledge, books in the series offer an accessible overview of the subject, with activities, study questions, sample analyses, commentaries and key readings - all in the same volume. The innovative and flexible 'two-way' structure is built around four sections - introduction, development, exploration and extension - which offer self-contained stages for study. Each topic can also be read across these sections, enabling the reader to build gradually on the knowledge gained. World Englishes: *is a comprehensive introduction to the subject *covers the major historical and sociopolitical developments in world Englishes, from the reign of Queen Elizabeth I to the present day *explores the current debates in world Englishes, from English in postcolonial America and Africa and Asian Englishes in the Outer Circle, to Creole development in the UK and US, and the best way to teach and test World Englishes *draws on a range of real texts, data and examples, including articles from the New York Times and The Economist, emails and transcripts of speech *provides classic readings by the key names in the discipline including Achebe, Alobwede d'Epie, Ammon, Graddol, Li, Milroy, Modiano, Ngugi, Pennycook and Widdowson. The accompanying website can be found at http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/0415258065
Understanding Second Language Acquisition
Author: Lourdes Ortega
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 144411705X
Pages: 320
Year: 2014-02-04
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Whether we grow up with one, two, or several languages during our early years of life, many of us will learn a second, foreign, or heritage language in later years. The field of Second language acquisition (SLA, for short) investigates the human capacity to learn additional languages in late childhood, adolescence, or adulthood, after the first language --in the case of monolinguals-- or languages --in the case of bilinguals-- have already been acquired. Understanding Second Language Acquisition offers a wide-encompassing survey of this burgeoning field, its accumulated findings and proposed theories, its developed research paradigms, and its pending questions for the future. The book zooms in and out of universal, individual, and social forces, in each case evaluating the research findings that have been generated across diverse naturalistic and formal contexts for second language acquisition. It assumes no background in SLA and provides helpful chapter-by-chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. Ideal as a textbook for students of applied linguistics, foreign language education, TESOL, and education, it is also recommended for students of linguistics, developmental psycholinguistics, psychology, and cognitive science. Supporting resources for tutors are available free at www.routledge.com/ortega.
Motivational Currents in Language Learning
Author: Zoltán Dörnyei, Alastair Henry, Christine Muir
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317679253
Pages: 204
Year: 2015-08-20
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Building on Zoltán Dörnyei’s authoritative work in the field of learner motivation, this book introduces a new conceptualization—Directed Motivational Currents (DMCs)—and sets out the defining aspects of what they are, what they are not, and how they are related to language learning motivation. Going beyond focused behavior in a single activity, DMCs concern intensive long-term motivation. The distinctive feature of the theory is that it views motivation not simply as a springboard for action but also as a uniquely self-renewing and sustainable process. It is this energizing capacity which distinguishes DMCs from almost every other motivational construct described in the research literature. Motivational Currents in Language Learning offers new insights, valuable both to motivation researchers and classroom practitioners. The accessible style, along with plentiful illustrations and practical suggestions for promoting sustained learning, invite readers to think about motivation in a different way. Highly relevant for language teachers, teachers-in-training, teacher educators, and researchers in TESOL and applied linguistics, the book explains how the DMC construct can be integrated into course structures and teaching methodologies, and encourages teachers to try out novel methods for harnessing motivational power in classroom settings.
English Language
Author: Jonathan Culpeper, Paul Kerswill, Ruth Wodak, Anthony McEnery, Francis Katamba
Publisher: Palgrave
ISBN: 1137571853
Pages: 776
Year: 2018-02-19
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What is the English language like, why is it like that and what do we need to know in order to study it? This wide ranging introductory textbook not only presents the English language from multiple perspectives, but provides the reader with the necessary grounding in linguistics to investigate it for themselves.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
Author: Thomas S. Kuhn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226458148
Pages: 264
Year: 2012-04-18
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A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.
The Language of Schooling
Author: Mary J. Schleppegrell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135620911
Pages: 208
Year: 2004-04-26
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This book is about how language is used in the context of schooling. It demonstrates that the variety of English expected at school differs from the interactional language that students use for social purposes outside of school, and provides a linguistic analysis of the challenges of the school curriculum, particularly for non-native speakers of English, speakers of non-standard dialects, and students who have little exposure to academic language outside of schools. The Language of Schooling: A Functional Linguistics Perspective builds on current sociolinguistic and discourse-analytic studies of language in school, but adds a new dimension--the framework of functional linguistic analysis. This framework focuses not just on the structure of words and sentences, but on how texts are constructed--how particular grammatical choices create meanings in the different kinds of texts students are asked to read and write at school. The Language of Schooling: A Functional Linguistics Perspective *provides a functional description of the kinds of texts students are expected to read and write at school; *relates research from other sociolinguistic and language development perspectives to research from the systemic functional linguistics perspective; *focuses on the increasing linguistic demands of contexts of advanced literacy (middle school through college); *analyzes the genres typically encountered at school, with extensive description of the grammatical features of the expository essay, a gatekeeping genre for secondary school graduates; *reviews the grammatical features of disciplinary genres in science and history; and *argues for more explicit attention to language in teaching all subjects, with a particular focus on what is needed for the development of critical literacy. This book will enable researchers and students of language in education to recognize how the grammatical and discourse features of the language of schooling construct the content areas, role relationships, and purposes and expectations of schools. It also will enable them to better understand the nature of language itself and how it emerges from and helps to maintain social structures and institutions, and to apply these understandings to creating classroom environments that build on the strengths students bring to school.
An Introduction to English Sentence Structure
Author: Jon Jonz
Publisher: Equinox
ISBN: 1845531450
Pages: 256
Year: 2012-05
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An Introduction to English Sentence Structure puts the study of English sentences into the meaningful perspective provided by the broad essentials of functionalism. The book starts from the premise that the structure of language reflects the structure of events in everyday experience. By contrast, grammars that are more structural in nature often begin with gross facts about language structure, such as the observation that clauses can be divided into subjects and predicates. The book's premise reflects the fundamental Hallidayan principle that language simultaneously codes for three dimensions of structure: clause as representation, clause as exchange, and clause as message. This approach has the effect of situating the study of language in the student's familiar world of ideas, relationships, and discourses. The book blends insights from three prominent modern schools of grammatical thought (functionalism, structuralism, and generativism) using functionalism as the philosophical and organizational motif. The book focuses on the representational function of language, encouraging students to use their knowledge of the way the world works in order to understand how language works. The approach taken is hybrid: It assumes that form matters, and in this sense it is structural. It also assumes that forms follows function, and in this sense it is functional. As its subtitle suggests, the book is concerned with the argument structure of clauses, the boundary markers of clause combinations, and the syntactic and experiential resources that permit language users to supply the content of empty categories, which are the missing elements.
Handbook of Logic and Language
Author: Johan F.A.K. van Benthem, Alice ter Meulen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444537279
Pages: 1168
Year: 2010-12-17
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The logical study of language is becoming more interdisciplinary, playing a role in fields such as computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science and game theory. This new edition, written by the leading experts in the field, presents an overview of the latest developments at the interface of logic and linguistics as well as a historical perspective. It is divided into three parts covering Frameworks, General Topics and Descriptive Themes. Completely revised and updated - includes over 25% new material Discusses the interface between logic and language Many of the authors are creators or active developers of the theories