Mohammed Der Koran Und Die Entstehung Des Arabischen Weltreichs Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Mohammed, der Koran und die Entstehung des arabischen Weltreichs
Author: Tom Holland
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608103422
Pages: 532
Year: 2012-09-21
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Niemand ahnte um die Wende vom 6. zum 7. Jahrhundert, dass die Araber eine weltgeschichtliche Revolution herbeiführen würden. Ausgehend von den legendenumrankten Lebensbeschreibungen des Propheten, schildert der Autor das politische Wirken Mohammeds und der Kalifen bis zur Gründung Bagdads im Jahre 762. Im Zentrum stehen die geistig-politischen Umwälzungen und die kriegerischen Auseinandersetzungen mit den Großmächten der damaligen Zeit. Zugleich spürt er den tiefer liegenden Gründen nach, warum und wie Mohammeds Offenbarungen in einem abgelegenen Winkel der damaligen Welt und seine unbedingte Forderung nach einer Unterwerfung unter Allah der menschlichen Zivilisation ein neues Gesicht gaben.
Der Koran und die Genealogie des Islam
Author: Reinhard Schulze
Publisher: Schwabe AG
ISBN: 3796533663
Pages: 677
Year: 2015-04-23
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Lange war man im Westen davon überzeugt gewesen, dass zwischen Religion, Gesellschaft und Staat in der Epoche der europäischen Aufklärung ein Einverständnis gefunden worden ist. Diese Sicherheit ist in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten ins Wanken geraten. Im Namen 'des' Islam werden Terroranschläge verübt und Kriege geführt. Von vielen Menschen wird 'der' Islam als eine Religion wahrgenommen, die nicht zwischen Religion und Zivilgesellschaft unterscheidet und den Friedenszustand gefährdet. Doch gibt es überhaupt 'den' Islam oder 'den' Koran? Der Islam wird oft in einer problematischen Vereinfachung auf den Koran und den Propheten Mu?ammad reduziert. Daraus wird dann der Kurzschluss gezogen, der Islam lasse sich aus diesem Ursprung heraus definieren. Gegen dieses ahistorische Ursprungsdenken und die damit einhergehenden Stereotypen zu 'dem' Islam und 'dem' Koran bring Reinhard Schulze die Geschichte in Anschlag. Er verfolgt in seiner gelehrten und analytisch präzisen Studie die Geschichte der Entstehung der Schrift Koran über deren sprachliche Verfasstheit (das Arabische) und Intertexte; betrachtet die Offenbarung an Mu?ammad aus historischer Perspektive und reflektiert - nicht zuletzt - über die Voraussetzungen und unhinterfragten Prämissen des wissenschaftlichen Diskurses über den Islam - so etwa im Orientalismus des 19. Jahrhunderts, in der Rede von der Religion als anthropologischer Konstante oder neurobiologischer 'Programmierung'.
Im Schatten des Schwertes
Author: Tom Holland
Publisher:
ISBN: 3608943803
Pages: 532
Year: 2012
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Mohammed, der Koran und der Islam
Author: Peter Fechner
Publisher: neobooks
ISBN: 3742798480
Pages: 29
Year: 2017-01-31
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Obwohl Mohammed als Begründer einer Weltreligion und eines großen Weltreiches gilt, ist über sein Leben dennoch erstaunlich wenig Genaues bekannt. Viele schriftliche Überlieferungen sind erst lange nach seiner Zeit entstanden und müssen mit einem Fragezeichen versehen werden. Wie verlief das Leben Mohammeds tatsächlich? Wie kam es zur Gründung einer neuen Weltreligion, die sich vor allem auf die im Koran überlieferte Glaubensauffassung stützt, und wie zur Entstehung eines großen arabischen Weltreiches? Ist der Koran als „Wort Gottes“ zu verstehen? Gibt es eine Hölle und ein Paradies? Auf diese Fragen werden in diesem 15. Band der Serie „Erinnerungen an die Wahrheit“ erhellende Antworten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung eines glaubwürdigen Seherberichtes und der Gralsbotschaft gegeben.
In the Shadow of the Sword
Author: Tom Holland
Publisher: Abacus Software
ISBN: 0349122350
Pages: 574
Year: 2013-04-01
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In the 6th century AD, the Near East was divided between two great empires: the Persian and the Roman. A hundred years on, and one had vanished for ever, while the other was a dismembered, bleeding trunk. In their place, a new superpower had arisen: the empire of the Arabs. So profound was this upheaval that it spelled, in effect, the end of the ancient world. But the changes that marked the period were more than merely political or even cultural: there was also a transformation of human society with incalculable consequences for the future. Today, over half the world's population subscribes to one of the various religions that took on something like their final form during the last centuries of antiquity. Wherever men or women are inspired by belief in a single god to think or behave in a certain way, they bear witness to the abiding impact of this extraordinary, convulsive age - though as Tom Holland demonstrates, much of what Jews, Christians and Muslims believe about the origins of their religion is open to debate. In the Shadow of the Sword explores how a succession of great empires came to identify themselves with a new and revolutionary understanding of the divine. It is a story vivid with drama, horror and startling achievement, and stars many of the most remarkable rulers ever seen.
Crossroads to Islam
Author: Yehuda D. Nevo
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615923292
Pages:
Year:
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For the most part, Crossroads employs a very rigorous, historical methodology....this reviewer finds much of Nevo and Koren's work to be plausible or at least arguable, and it certainly provides a powerful challenge to the mainstream view of the origins of Islam....the account given by Nevo and Koren must be seriously considered by scholars of early Islam. -Middle East QuarterlyIn this controversial exploration of the early history of Islam, archaeologist Yehuda D. Nevo and researcher Judith Koren present a revolutionary theory of the origins and development of the Islamic state and religion. Whereas most works on this subject derive their view of the history of this period from the Muslim literature, Crossroads to Islam also examines important types of evidence hitherto neglected: the literature of the local (Christian) population, archaeological excavations, numismatics, and especially rock inscriptions. These analyses lay the foundation for a radical view of the development of Islam.According to Nevo and Koren, the evidence suggests that the Arabs were in fact pagan when they assumed power in the regions formerly ruled by the Byzantine Empire. They contend that the Arabs took control almost without a struggle, because Byzantium had effectively withdrawn from the area long before. After establishing control, the new Arab elite adopted a simple monotheism influenced by Judaeo-Christianity, which they encountered in their newly acquired territories, and gradually developed it into the Arab religion. Not until the mid-8th century was this process completed.This interpretation of the evidence corroborates the view of other scholars, who on different grounds propose that Islam and the canonized version of the Koran were preceded by a long period of development. This new view turns on its head the traditional history of the rise of Islam, which claims that Islam began with Muhammad in Mecca and Medina around 622; then spread throughout Arabia under his charismatic leadership; and finally, after Muhammad's death (632), inspired his followers to conquer widespread territories both in the East and West. By contrast, Nevo and Koren suggest that the rise of the Arab state created a need for a state religion, eventually called Islam.This absorbing and controversial rethinking of Islam's early history is must reading for students and scholars of Islamic history and anyone interested in the origins of the world's second largest religion.Yehuda Nevo (1932-1992) was a practicing archaeologist who was Director of Field Research of the Negev Archaeological Project at his untimely death. His previous publications include Pagans and Herders (1991) and Ancient Arabic Inscriptions from the Negev (1993), coauthored with Zemira Cohen and Dalia Heftmann.Judith Koren (Haifa, Israel) is an information specialist who collaborated with Nevo for many years on the historical synthesis elaborated in Crossroads to Islam.
Der Islam in Daten
Author: Gerhard Endreß
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406540961
Pages: 157
Year: 2006
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Guantánamo Diary
Author: Mohamedou Ould Slahi
Publisher: Little, Brown
ISBN: 031632860X
Pages: 432
Year: 2015-01-20
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An unprecedented international publishing event: the first and only diary written by a still-imprisoned Guantánamo detainee. Since 2002, Mohamedou Slahi has been imprisoned at the detainee camp at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. In all these years, the United States has never charged him with a crime. Although he was ordered released by a federal judge, the U.S. government fought that decision, and there is no sign that the United States plans to let him go. Three years into his captivity Slahi began a diary, recounting his life before he disappeared into U.S. custody and daily life as a detainee. His diary is not merely a vivid record of a miscarriage of justice, but a deeply personal memoir---terrifying, darkly humorous, and surprisingly gracious. Published now for the first time, GUANTÁNAMO DIARY is a document of immense historical importance.
Europa im Nahen Osten - Der Nahe Osten in Europa
Author: Angelika Neuwirth, Günter Stock
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3050062339
Pages: 364
Year: 2010-01-01
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Die Diskussion der Beziehungen zwischen Europa und dem Nahen Osten wird zunehmend von einem Denken in Gegensätzen und mangelnder Kenntnis der historischen und zeitgenössischen Kontexte geprägt. Dabei sind die Geschichte und die Gesellschaften Europas und des Nahen Ostens seit der Antike eng miteinander verflochten. In Europa wie im Nahen Osten sind die Deutungen und Bilder einer geteilten Beziehungsgeschichte und Gegenwart oft von unvereinbar erscheinenden Stereotypen und Zuschreibungen geprägt. Die Voraussetzung für gegenseitiges Verstehen in von Globalisierungs- und Übersetzungsprozessen geprägten Gesellschaften ist eine kritische Hinterfragung der scheinbaren Einheitlichkeit, Ursprünglichkeit, Kontinuität und Unveränderlichkeit von Traditionen, auch der eigenen europäischen. Wissenschaft kann dazu beitragen, durch Bewusstmachung der Analoga und durch Verzicht auf triumphalistische Gesten westlichen und östlichen Phänomenen den gleichen Rang zuzuweisen, um einen Ausweg aus Polemik und Apologetik zu eröffnen. Der Band versammelt eine Auswahl an Vorträgen, die im Rahmen des Jahresthemas 2007/8 der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften stattfanden. Die Wahl des Jahresthemas "Europa im Nahen Osten – Der Nahe Osten in Europa" entstand in Verbindung mit dem gleichnamigen Forschungsprogramm, das von der Fritz Thyssen Stiftung, dem Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin und der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften gemeinsam getragen wird. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes hinterfragen gängige Grenzziehungen, Ursprungserzählungen, Identitätsvorstellungen und werfen Schlaglichter auf eine europäisch-nahöstliche Beziehungsgeschichte. Mit Beiträgen von Aziz Al-Azmeh, Michael Borgolte, Vera von Falkenhausen, Joschka Fischer, Malte Fuhrmann, Kader Konuk, Gudrun Krämer, Wolf Lepenies, Christoph Markschies, Christian Meier, Angelika Neuwirth, Heinz Schilling, Stephan Johannes Seidlmayer, Viola Shafik, El Hassan bin Talal, Maria Todorova, Stefan Wild und Zafer Yenal.
Did Muhammad Exist?
Author: Robert Spencer
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1497608562
Pages: 272
Year: 2014-04-08
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Are jihadists dying for a fiction? Everything you thought you knew about Islam is about to change. Did Muhammad exist? It is a question that few have thought—or dared—to ask. Virtually everyone, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, takes for granted that the prophet of Islam lived and led in seventh-century Arabia. But this widely accepted story begins to crumble on close examination, as Robert Spencer shows in his eye-opening new book. In his blockbuster bestseller The Truth about Muhammad, Spencer revealed the shocking contents of the earliest Islamic biographical material about the prophet of Islam. Now, in Did Muhammad Exist?, he uncovers that material’s surprisingly shaky historical foundations. Spencer meticulously examines historical records, archaeological findings, and pioneering new scholarship to reconstruct what we can know about Muhammad, the Qur’an, and the early days of Islam. The evidence he presents challenges the most fundamental assumptions about Islam’s origins. Did Muhammad Exist? reveals: •How the earliest biographical material about Muhammad dates from at least 125 years after his reported death •How six decades passed before the Arabian conquerors—or the people they conquered—even mentioned Muhammad, the Qur’an, or Islam •The startling evidence that the Qur’an was constructed from existing materials—including pre-Islamic Christian texts •How even Muslim scholars acknowledge that countless reports of Muhammad’s deeds were fabricated •Why a famous mosque inscription may refer not to Muhammad but, astonishingly, to Jesus •How the oldest records referring to a man named Muhammad bear little resemblance to the now-standard Islamic account of the life of the prophet •The many indications that Arabian leaders fashioned Islam for political reasons Far from an anti-Islamic polemic, Did Muhammad Exist? is a sober but unflinching look at the origins of one of the world’s major religions. While Judaism and Christianity have been subjected to searching historical criticism for more than two centuries, Islam has never received the same treatment on any significant scale. The real story of Muhammad and early Islam has long remained in the shadows. Robert Spencer brings it into the light at long last.
Rubicon
Author: Tom Holland
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 030742751X
Pages: 464
Year: 2007-12-18
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A vivid historical account of the social world of Rome as it moved from republic to empire. In 49 B.C., the seven hundred fifth year since the founding of Rome, Julius Caesar crossed a small border river called the Rubicon and plunged Rome into cataclysmic civil war. Tom Holland’s enthralling account tells the story of Caesar’s generation, witness to the twilight of the Republic and its bloody transformation into an empire. From Cicero, Spartacus, and Brutus, to Cleopatra, Virgil, and Augustus, here are some of the most legendary figures in history brought thrillingly to life. Combining verve and freshness with scrupulous scholarship, Rubicon is not only an engrossing history of this pivotal era but a uniquely resonant portrait of a great civilization in all its extremes of self-sacrifice and rivalry, decadence and catastrophe, intrigue, war, and world-shaking ambition.
Mohammed und der Koran
Author: Rudi Paret
Publisher: W. Kohlhammer Verlag
ISBN: 3170198742
Pages: 182
Year: 2008
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Der hiermit in 10. Auflage vorliegende Band orientiert kurz, ubersichtlich und gemeinverstandlich uber die Geschichte, das Zeugnis und die Wirkungen des "arabischen Propheten." Der wissenschaftliche Rang und die informative Klarheit der Darstellung zeichnen das Werk in gleicher Weise aus."Das Buch ist, kurz gesagt, ein Basiswissen uber den arabischen Religionsstifter, den historischen Mohammed, der am Anfang einer grossen Entwicklung steht. Mit Zitationen und arabischen Namen wird sehr sparsam umgegangen, so dass auch fur den Laien ein relativ muheloses Lesen gewahrleistet ist." (Bucherbord)
The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran
Author: Christoph Luxenberg
Publisher: Verlag Hans Schiler
ISBN: 3899300882
Pages: 349
Year: 2007
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Throughout its history the Koran has presented problems of interpretation. Some scholars estimate that at least a quarter of the text is obscure in meaning, not only for Western translators but even native Arabic speakers, who struggle with the archaic vocabulary that is no longer used in modern Arabic. In this in-depth study of the language of the Koran, scholar Christoph Luxenberg dispels much of the mystery surrounding numerous hitherto unclear passages. The key, as Luxenberg shows exhaustively, is to understand that Aramaic--the language of most Middle Eastern Jews and Christians of the pre-Islamic era--had a pervasive influence on the development of the Arabic text of the Koran. For a thousand years preceding the advent of Islam, Aramaic (or Syriac as it was sometimes called) was the lingua franca of many parts of the Near East. It was the native language of the first Christian evangelists and the main liturgical language of the early Christian churches from Syria to Iran. Based on this historical context and a profound knowledge of Semitic languages, Luxenberg clarifies many thorny textual puzzles. Perhaps his most interesting argument is that the passage often translated as referring to the "virgins" that are believed to greet the departed faithful in paradise was long ago misunderstood. In fact, knowledge of ancient Christian hymns in Aramaic suggests that the word in question refers to "grapes" that the departed will enjoy in a paradisiacal garden. Luxenberg discusses many other similar fascinating instances where Aramaic vocabulary and concepts influenced the text of the Koran This highly erudite work makes a significant contribution to the study of the Koran and the history of Islamic origins.
Der Islam in der Gegenwart
Author: Werner Ende, Udo Steinbach, Renate Laut
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406534473
Pages: 1064
Year: 2005
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Katalog der Bibliothek des Reichstages
Author: Germany. Reichstag. Bibliothek
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 1896
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