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Author: Steve Bruce
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745640761
Pages: 136
Year: 2008-03-10
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The new edition of Steve Bruce’s Fundamentalism grapples with the combination of social strains and religious ideas that have produced an explosion of fundamentalist activity in the wake of 9/11. In a direct and punchy style, the new edition of his book investigates what lies behind the actions of Al-Qaeda, suicide bombings and the ‘war against terror’, and also gets to grips with the continuing rise of the Christian Right in the USA. It offers new insights into the Protestant fundamentalism of the American political right-wing, looking at the influence issues such as abortion, gay rights and ‘intelligent design’ have had on US foreign policy and domestic politics. Bruce’s broad sociological analysis rejects the narrowly-conceived notion that fundamentalists are suffering from some kind of abnormal psychology, persuasively demonstrating fundamentalism’s importance as a symptom of rapid social change. Social science has generally focused on the social circumstances that produce extremist movements and regarded their religious ideologies as window-dressing. This study takes the religious elements of fundamentalism seriously. Topics tackled in the book include: Why are some religions more likely than others to produce fundamentalism? Why do they differ in their willingness to use violence to pursue their goals? Does fundamentalism pose a serious challenge or sustainable alternative to the secular, liberal democracy of Western society? This thought-provoking and highly topical book will be essential reading for students of any discipline drawing on the sociology of religion. It will also appeal to those beyond the academic community who want to know what fundamentalism really means today.
Studies in Religious Fundamentalism
Author: Lionel Caplan
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 088706518X
Pages: 216
Year: 1987
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This book examines the specific circumstances that nurture fundamentalist beliefs and practices. It studies contemporary fundamentalist developments in several continents, involving groups associated with five major religions. The authors answer important questions regarding the 'rationality' of fundamentalism, its complex link with modernism, the nature of its relationship to a sacred text, and its perspectives on history and knowledge. No fixed set of qualities defines fundamentalism. Since it implies a view of the universe and a discourse about the nature of truth, it encompasses and transcends the religious domain. For that reason, every movement or cause is potentially fundamentalist.
Catholicism and Fundamentalism
Author: Karl Keating
Publisher: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 168149079X
Pages: 360
Year: 2016-10-19
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Karl Keating defends Catholicism from fundamentalist attacks and explains why fundamentalism has been so successful in converting "Romanists". After showing the origins of fundamentalism, he examines representative anti-Catholic groups and presents their arguments in their own words. His rebuttals are clear, detailed, and charitable. Special emphasis is given to the scriptural basis for Catholic doctrines and beliefs.
Author: Torkel Brekke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139504290
Pages: 906
Year: 2011-12-26
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This book investigates the origins of fundamentalism, outlining its characteristics and the history of key fundamentalist movements around the world, considering examples from Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. The book argues that fundamentalism develops when modern lay religious leaders challenge the authority of secular states and traditional religious establishments. These new leaders and their followers seek to infuse religious values and practices into all spheres, especially law, politics, education and science. The patterns of religious authority and leadership that characterize fundamentalism have their roots in a Christian context but were globalized through intense intercultural contacts after the mid-nineteenth century. Fundamentalism is a thoroughly modern and global phenomenon because it presupposes the globalization of ideas and practices concerning religious leadership and organization, as well as universal changes in the relationship of religion to modern societies and states.
Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism
Author: George Marsden
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802805396
Pages: 208
Year: 1991
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In this historical overview of American fundamentalism and evangelicalism, Marsden provides an introduction to these growing religious movements and a deeper analysis of two themes that have been especially prominent and controversial in these traditions--views of science and views of politics.
Understanding Fundamentalism
Author: Richard T. Antoun
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0742562093
Pages: 191
Year: 2008
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The second edition of Understanding Fundamentalism provides a compelling and up to date picture of religious reactions against the modern secular world. Comparing Christian, Islamic, and Jewish fundamentalist movements, anthropologist Richard Antoun shows how all three share common characteristics. The new edition addresses fundamentalism in the post-9/11 world, transnational religion, and the impact of religious migration on Afghanistan and Western Europe.
Fundamentalism and American Culture
Author: George M. Marsden
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199741123
Pages: 468
Year: 2006-02-09
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Many American's today are taking note of the surprisingly strong political force that is the religious right. Controversial decisions by the government are met with hundreds of lobbyists, millions of dollars of advertising spending, and a powerful grassroots response. How has the fundamentalist movement managed to resist the pressures of the scientific community and the draw of modern popular culture to hold on to their ultra-conservative Christian views? Understanding the movement's history is key to answering this question. Fundamentalism and American Culture has long been considered a classic in religious history, and to this day remains unsurpassed. Now available in a new edition, this highly regarded analysis takes us through the full history of the origin and direction of one of America's most influential religious movements. For Marsden, fundamentalists are not just religious conservatives; they are conservatives who are willing to take a stand and to fight. In Marsden's words (borrowed by Jerry Falwell), "a fundamentalist is an evangelical who is angry about something." In the late nineteenth century American Protestantism was gradually dividing between liberals who were accepting new scientific and higher critical views that contradicted the Bible and defenders of the more traditional evangelicalism. By the 1920s a full-fledged "fundamentalist" movement had developed in protest against theological changes in the churches and changing mores in the culture. Building on networks of evangelists, Bible conferences, Bible institutes, and missions agencies, fundamentalists coalesced into a major protest movement that proved to have remarkable staying power. For this new edition, a major new chapter compares fundamentalism since the 1970s to the fundamentalism of the 1920s, looking particularly at the extraordinary growth in political emphasis and power of the more recent movement. Never has it been more important to understand the history of fundamentalism in our rapidly polarizing nation. Marsen's carefully researched and engrossing work remains the best way to do just that.
Author: Rebecca Joyce Frey
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438108990
Pages: 401
Year: 2009-01-01
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Presents a guide to religious fundamentalism, including definitions, primary sources, important documents, research tools, organizations, and notable persons.
Author: Malise Ruthven
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0192806068
Pages: 246
Year: 2005-03-24
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Fundamentalist movements are seen as the major threat to world peace today, yet 'fundamentalism' is a term that eludes easy definitions. Malise Ruthven, writing with engaging clarity and directness, offers the first book to expose the nature of both religious and secular fundamentalism worldwide and to explore its many forms.
Islamic Fundamentalism 3rd Edition
Author: Youssef M. Choueiri
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441121161
Pages: 272
Year: 2010-04-22
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The world of Islamic fundamentalism has become, more or less, a daily preoccupation, not only of journalists and scholars, but, more importantly, of almost all governments and security services across the globe. This book presents a striking analysis of how and why Islamism and Jihadism have become such potent contemporary political forces, shedding new light on a much-misunderstood situation. This revised edition offers an analytical survey of the modern and contemporary Islamist movements by linking their emergence and potency to the historical background of Muslim societies and their encounter with Western globalism. Thus, it also locates the advent of new Islamist espousals of democratic governance. It includes an entirely new section dealing with post-1997 aspects, a section on al-Qa'ida and the aftermath of 9/11, as well as a discussion of the global reach of Islamism. This comprehensive volume explores the advent of a new wave of Islamism and its manifestations in Western countries, concluding with an overall evaluation of the future prospects of Islamism and alternative Western policies ranging from direct confrontation to political dialogue.
Author: James Barr
Publisher: Trinity PressIntl
ISBN: 0334005035
Pages: 378
Year: 1981-01
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James Barr has never been an uncontroversial writer, and this book, eirenic though its purpose was, has proved no exception. It was widely noticed on its first appearance and led to a lively discussion, not least in evangelical circles. At the same time it was welcomed by reviewers as an important contribution to the nature of biblical criticism. 'This books breaks much new ground,' said British Book News, 'and will be welcomed by many who are interested in the intellectual basis of a biblical faith. Indeed, it is a measure of the author's coverage and penetration of a variety of issues that the book can be taken as, among other things, a useful introduction to modern critical methods of biblical scholarship.' The Scottish Journal of Theology remarked: 'One of the most urgent theological tasks in the field of biblical studies is to expose and evaluate the hidden presuppositions of the methods used, and this is necessary alike in liberal and conservative circles. Professor Barr's book is an important contribution to this task, and it is to be hoped that response to it will further clarify the issues that he raises.' Not all the responses were in fact favourable. Professor Barr was accused of having an outdated view of fundamentalism, of attacking positions which are being quite rapidly abandoned, and neglecting promising new developments. In this second edition of his book, he has added a long prteface discussing these criticisms at length. Noting and commenting on the new developments, at the same time he points out that if anything, in many areas fundamentalism is becoming even more regressive. The debate is obviously by no means over, and critics of the first edition may well have to think again. James Barr's sequel to this study, Escapting from Fundamentalism, is also published by SCM Press. James Barr was Professor of Hebre Bible at Vanderbilt Divinity School.
Fundamentalism in the Modern World Vol 2
Author: Ulrika Martensson, Jennifer Bailey, Priscilla Ringrose, Asbjorn Dyrendal
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848853319
Pages: 328
Year: 2011-08-15
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Volume 2 --
Feminism and Islamic Fundamentalism
Author: Hiadeh Moghissi
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 1856495906
Pages: 166
Year: 1999-10-29
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A highly controversial intervention into the debate on postmodernism and feminism, this book looks at what happens when these modes of analysis are jointly employed to illuminate the sexual politics of Islam.As a religion, Islam has been demonized for its gender practices like no other. This book analyzes that Orientalism, with particular reference to representations of Muslim women and describes the real sexual politics of Islam. The author goes on to describe the rise of Islamic fundamentalism and the West's response to it. She argues that regardless of the sophisticated argument of postmodernists and their suspicion of power, as an intellectual and political movement postmodernism has put itself in the service of power and the status quo. Moghissi brilliantly demonstrates how this trend has given rise to a neo-conservative feminism.A major feminist critique of Islamic fundamentalism, this book asks some hard questions of those who, in denouncing the racism of Western feminism, have taken up an uncritical embrace of the Islamic identity of Muslim women. It is urgent reading for all those concerned about human rights, as well as for students and academics of women's studies, political science, social theory and religious studies.
Fundamentalism in the Modern World Vol 1
Author: Ulrika Martensson, Jennifer Bailey
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848853300
Pages: 320
Year: 2011-08-15
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Volume 2 --
Fundamentalism in Comparative Perspective
Author: Lawrence Kaplan
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
ISBN: 0870237985
Pages: 184
Year: 1992
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Arising from a dispute among conservative American Protestants in the early 20th century, the term fundamentalist has been applied in recent years to a wide range of people - Christian, Jewish and Muslim - who have revolted against what they see as the heresies of the modern world. How do various fundamentalisms manifest themselves, and what do they have in common? To what extent is fundamentalism a burgeoning global phenomenon, and to what extent a series of isolated expressions of religious zealotry? These are some of the questions addressed in this book. Essays featured include Leo P. Ribuffo who analyses evangelical Protestantism in America from the late 19th century through the 1950s and Steve Bruce who offers a critique of the new Christian right, which emerged in the 1980s, under the leadership of Jerry Falwell.